Lapho omama bethola iphepha le-B-ultrasound, kufanele libukeke kanjani iphepha le-B-ultrasound?

Isikhathi: 2022-08-11

Ngokuvamile omama kudingeka benze izivivinyo ze-ultrasound zemibala engu-4-5 ngesikhathi sokukhulelwa, futhi ukuhlola ngakunye kubaluleke kakhulu komama. Khona-ke, lapho omama bethola i-B-iphepha le-ultrasound, bazobona amagama athile ochwepheshe ngenhla. , Kufanele ngibheke kanjani iphepha le-B-ultrasound? Ngezansi, ngizokwethula.


1


Embikweni we-B-ultrasound, omama abakhulelwe bavame ukubona amagama alandelayo ochwepheshe, asho ukuthini?


I-1CS isho ukuthi isikhwama se-fetus sibonakala kuphela esigabeni sokuqala sokukhulelwa. Ngokuvamile, ngemva kwezinsuku ezingu-35 zokunqamuka kokuya esikhathini, isikhwama sokukhulelwa singabonakala emgodini wesibeletho nge-B-ultrasound. Isikhwama sokukhulelwa silinganiselwa ku-2 cm ububanzi ezinyangeni ezingu-1.5 zokukhulelwa kanye no-5 cm ezinyangeni ezingu-2.5.

Indawo yesaka le-fetus ingase ibe ku-fundus, odongeni olungaphambili, odongeni olungemuva, engxenyeni engenhla, nengxenye emaphakathi yesibeletho, futhi umumo uyindilinga, ovali, futhi ucace njengokujwayelekile.


2. I-CRL ibanga le-head-rump, okusho ukuthi i-eksisi ende ye-axis longitudinal of the carcass, esetshenziselwa ikakhulukazi ukunquma iminyaka yokumitha yamaviki angu-7-12 okukhulelwa.


3. I-BPD ububanzi obuyi-biparietal bekhanda lengane, elimelela ibanga elibanzi kakhulu phakathi kwezinhlangothi zesobunxele nesokudla zekhanda, okwaziwa nangokuthi ububanzi obuyindibilishi obunqamulayo bekhanda, obungasetshenziswa ukulinganisa isisindo nokukhula komntwana.


4. I-FL ubude be-fetus femur, okungukuthi, ubude bethanga, obusetshenziselwa ukubala isisindo somntwana kanye ne-BPD.


5. Ububanzi be-occipital-frontal yibanga ukusuka ethanjeni lekhala lomntwana ukuya ku-occipital carina, okuyibanga elide kakhulu ukusuka ngaphambili kuya ngemuva kwekhanda lomntwana.


6. Ubude besonto lokuqala lendandatho yesiyingi sekhanda busetshenziselwa ukuqinisekisa isimo sokukhula komntwana.


7. Umjikelezo wesisu umjikelezo wesisu, ubude besisu somntwana isonto elilodwa.


8. U-GP ubeka i-placenta Kusukela ku-trimester yesithathu (emasontweni angu-28 okukhulelwa), izinga le-placenta lizovela embikweni we-B-ultrasound. Ngokuvamile i-placenta ihlukaniswe ngo-0, I, II, III, futhi ngezinye izikhathi III+.

IBanga I liphawula ukuthi i-placenta ngokuyisisekelo ivuthiwe;

Ibanga lesi-II liphawula sekwephuzile ukuthi i-placenta isivuthiwe;

Isigaba sesi-III sakamuva sibonisa ukuthi i-placenta iyaguga. Ngenxa yokubala kanye nokufakwa kwe-cellulose, ikhono le-placenta lokuthutha umoya-mpilo nezakhamzimba liyehla, futhi umbungu usengozini nganoma yisiphi isikhathi.


9. I-AFI yenza isikhathi esingu-B sokuvala inkomba ye-amniotic fluid. Ukuthatha inkaba yowesifazane okhulelwe njengesikhungo, ihlukaniswe ezindaweni ezingu-4: phezulu, phansi, kwesokunxele nakwesokudla. Ukujula kwe-amniotic fluid yezindawo ezi-4 kuyengezwa ukuze kutholwe inkomba ye-amniotic fluid. Inani elijwayelekile liyi-8-18 cm.


10. I-S/D isilinganiso somfutho wegazi we-fetus umbilical systolic kuya ku-diastolic blood pressure, ehlobene nokunikezwa kwegazi lengane. Uma umsebenzi we-placenta ungalungile noma intambo yombilical ingavamile, lesi silinganiso sizoba esingavamile. Ekukhulelweni okuvamile, umbungu udinga ukwandisa u-S njengoba iminyaka yokukhulelwa ikhula. Nciphisa, i-D iyanda, isilinganiso siyancipha, i-S/D ingaphansi kuka-3 ekukhulelweni okuseduze.


Umhleli ongenhla wethule indlela yokufunda amagama ochwepheshe ephepheni le-B-ultrasound. Uma udinga ukwenza ngokwezifiso iphepha le-B-ultrasound, ungabonisana ku-inthanethi.

Izindaba Zokugcina